Your computer needs to be cleaned là gì

Don"t know how lớn clean Windows 10 (or Windows 11)? Here"s a clear step-by-step guide lớn getting your Windows PC nice and tidy again.

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Over time, every Windows installation builds up junk that takes up space and wastes resources. It's easy to neglect regular maintenance, so often the problem comes from old files & programs.

If you don't clean your computer, before long you'll encounter low disk space warnings và notice it slowing down. Let's walk through how to lớn clean Windows 10 (và Windows 11) using a variety of tools for different situations.


Step 1: Erase Temporary Junk

Windows 10 & 11 include a pair of similar tools for clearing out old temporary files from your disk, meaning you don't need a dedicated Windows cleaner phầm mềm. They're a great first stop on your Windows cleanup journey.

Disk Cleanup

If you don't mind an old-school interface, the classic Disk Cleanup tool gets the cleaning job done. Access it by typing Disk Cleanup inkhổng lồ the Start thực đơn and selecting the disk you want lớn clean.

After a moment, you'll see a các mục of unnecessary files that Windows can clean up. Assuming you're an administrator, you should first click the Clean up system files button khổng lồ scan again for additional types of data.


Feel free to delete pretty much every category of data available here, with a few exceptions. On older versions of Windows 10, watch out for Downloads, which will delete everything in that folder. You may also want lớn avoid cleaning the Recycle Bin unless you're sure that you won't need khổng lồ restore anything from it.

If you've recently updated to lớn a new major version of Windows, you'll see a Previous Windows installation(s) entry. Deleting this will remove the old files Windows keeps for 10 days—those allow you to easily go back to an earlier version. You should also avoid removing the Windows ESD installation files option, as this is used for resetting your PC via Settings.

Cheông xã out Windows folders you can delete to lớn save sầu space for more info on the specific items you can remove sầu with disk Cleanup.

Storage Sense

Windows 10 and Windows 11 both include much of this same functionality of Disk Cleanup, with a nicer interface, at Settings > System > Storage. You can use the Storage Sense feature found there to automatically clean up files when your disk space is low, or every so often. Clichồng Configure Storage Sense or run it now to change these options.


In the menu of what's using space on your PC, cliông xã Temporary files and you can delete the same types of data as in Disk Cleanup. Show more categories provides more info about types of data that aren't using as much space.

Step 2: Delete Large Files

You've removed unnecessary files; the next step khổng lồ cleaning up Windows 10 is khổng lồ find old data taking up a lot of space on your computer. To help with this, tải về TreeSize Free, which will scan your storage and show you where the biggest files are.

Once installed, search for TreeSize on the Start Menu and launch it using the (Administrator) links so you can scan everywhere. To start, choose Select Directory in the top-left & select your main storage disk.


After a few moments, you'll see a visual breakdown of your PC's storage, with the largest files at the top. Cliông chồng the dropdown arrow on any folder lớn exp& by one level.

The largest folders will probably be Users, Windows, and Program Files (or Program Files (x86)). There's not much you can vì in the Windows directory without causing issues (be aware of Windows folders you should never touch), so let's look at the others.

Uninstall Big Programs

Under Program Files (and/or Program Files (x86) on 64-bit Windows), you'll find files for most of the apps you have installed. If you don't use some of these anymore, head to lớn Settings > Apps > Apps & features lớn uninstall them.

Eliminate Large Items From Your User Folder

The majority of space-hogging files will likely be in your account folder under Users. This contains your documents, pictures, videos, and similar.

You'll probably see a lot of space taken in the AppData folder, which is where many apps store information và preferences. For instance, Chrome and Spotify's caches can take up several gigabytes here.

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Have sầu a look at these files và see if anything is low-hanging fruit. You can delete files you no longer use or move some data lớn an external hard drive. If you have lots of files in Dropbox or other cloud storage, use their preference panels khổng lồ de-sync cloud files you don't need. You can always access them through the website interface.

You might see some other enormous files in TreeSize, such as WinSxS. See our guide to lớn managing a large WinSxS folder if you have this issue.

Step 3: Clean Windows 10 Bloatware

Most store-bought computers come loaded with worthless manufacturer bloatware that wastes space and duplicates functionality already in Windows. In addition, Windows 10 itself includes some junk apps you probably never use.

If you haven't taken the time khổng lồ remove bloatware from your system, you should. It's an important part of Windows 10 cleanup. See our guide to lớn removing bloatware from Windows 10 for instructions.

Step 4: Tidy Your Desktop

Even after you've cleaned up your computer's files và apps, a messy desktop can still confuse you và make it harder khổng lồ work efficiently. Many people use their desktop as a temporary storage space, leading to all sorts of files getting scattered across it.

You should try "resetting" your desktop to a clean state to lớn make it neater. Start by moving all the files from your desktop to lớn another location. Next, you can create shortcuts to files you need all the time on your desktop.

If you have so many files that you don't think this will work, the Fences ứng dụng is definitely worth a look. It includes powerful tools that let you automatically combine similar desktop icons, hide or show all icons with a few clicks, và much more.

After you've cleaned up Windows 10 và your desktop, you'll feel like you have a whole new machine. We have sầu a deeper guide on cleaning up your Windows desktop if you're interested.

If Necessary: Refresh Windows 10

Maybe you've concluded your PC is such a mess that you don't want lớn take the effort lớn clean up Windows 10. In that case, you can use a built-in option lớn reinstall a fresh copy of Windows.

You might know about the Reset this PC option available in the Recovery settings. However, using this with certain options will restore your PC to how it was out of the box, including the preinstalled manufacturer bloatware. To avoid this, you can use another method.

To use it, hit the same Get started button in the Recovery menu. Piông chồng Keep my files, choose whether to lớn tải về or reinstall locally, piông xã settings, và then make sure you pichồng No for Restore preinstalled apps?

This is equivalent to lớn the Fresh Start option found in the Device performance & health section of the Windows Security app in older Windows 10 versions. It reinstalls Windows 10 and updates it to lớn the lademo version, plus it removes all installed apps. Only your personal files & "some Windows settings" are kept.

Even though Windows promises to lớn keep them safe, make sure you bachồng up your files before doing this, in case something goes wrong. You should also make a note of any license keys you'll need lớn reactivate software after the refresh.

Having to reinstall all your programs by hand will take some time. But if your computer is a mess, it might still be worth it to lớn get a clean system.

While we're discussing Windows 10 và 11 cleanups, it bears mentioning that you should be careful what cleaning software you tải về. While the above sầu tools are all legitimate ways to lớn clean your PC, you'll find many scammy "PC cleaners" online that are totally worthless (such as the one in the above video).

These tools provide a "miễn phí scan" that finds thousands of "issues," which absurdly count every cookie on your computer as a "privacy risk." Then they demvà you pay a good amount of money lớn actually "clean" anything up.

Don't bother with this nonsense. The above tools should be plenty to clean up unnecessary files. If you feel the need to lớn do more, follow our ultimate Windows cleaning checkcác mục.

Now Windows 10 Is Cleaner Than Ever!

That's how khổng lồ clean your computer without any frills. You now know the big steps to clean up large & unnecessary files in Windows 10. These methods should be sufficient lớn clean up a good chunk of space on your computer và make it feel fresh. Keep up with them every so often, and you shouldn't have lớn worry about low disk space warnings any longer.

Just make sure you don't go overboard and make comtháng Windows maintenance mistakes.